Friday, January 05, 2007


Tattvabodha - 8

Hari Aum

Prostrations to Guru. Prostrations to All.

Tattvavivekaha Kaha?
What is enquiry into the truth?

Atma Satyam Thadanyath Sarvam Mithyethi
Atman alone is real. All things other than atman are unreal. The firm conviction on this statement is called TattvaViveka

Shankara previous explained the qualifications which makes one fit to enquire into the Ultimate Reality of Brahman. After explaining the qualifications here he is explaining what is Enquiry into Brahman. The Ultimate Reality of Brahman is of the nature of Existence. The nature of Self is same as the nature of Brahman which can be known through Mahavakyas of the Upanishads. Shankara here says Self alone is Real and rest all are not real and such a discrimination of Self from non-Self is Tattvavivekah.

According to scriptures, Self alone is Eternal.
Mandukya Upanishad says,
“Aum ithi ethath aksharam idhagum sarvam thasya upvyakyaanam bhootham bhavath bhavishyath ithi sarvam omkaara eva. Echchaanyath thrikaalaatheetham thadhapya omkaara eva”.
“Aum, the word is all this. A clear explanation of it is: All that is past, present and future is Aum only. That which is beyond the three periods of time is also, indeed, Aum.”

The above statement clearly shows that Self is beyond time. Scriptures also show that Self is beyond space as well

The second sloka of Mandukya says,
“Sarvam ethath brahma”
Everything is verily Brahman

Isavasya Upanishad starts by saying
“Isavasya idham sarvam ethkinchit jagathyaam jagat”
Whatever moves here in this world, everything is pervaded or covered by God (Ultimate Reality of Brahman).

From the above statements of the scriptures it is very clear that Self is beyond space and. This Self is one without the second.
Chandogya Upanishad (6:2:1) says,
“Ekameva adviteeyam”
One without the Second.

Thus from the above upanishadic statements it is clear that non-dual Self alone is Real. The objects of the world are undergoing changes continuously. A changing entity cannot be real, therefore the objects of the world are not really real, but they are apparently real only. Self is the substratum of the world.
Thus we have to differentiate between Self and non-Self as all other objects other than the Self is not real.

Prostrations to All.

Hari Aum


Comments: Post a Comment

<< Home

This page is powered by Blogger. Isn't yours?